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Kako da i na vrućini namirnice ostanu zdrave i ispravne

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Autor: Aleksandra Petrovic, 25.06.2013.

Opšte je poznata činjenica, da brojni faktori mogu doprineti uticaju na nastanak, razvoj i širenje brojnih vrsta bakterija u hrani i da se upravo ta pojava bakterija manifestuje nizom negativnih odražavanja na ljude, odnosno ljudsko zdravlje.
Kako da i na vrućini namirnice ostanu zdrave i ispravne
Jedan od glavnih faktora koji mogu doprineti toj pojavi, jeste visoka temperatura koja izaziva i povećava kvarljivost kojoj namirnice, pogotovo tokom letnjeg perioda mogu biti izložene. 

Upravo iz tog razloga, posebno namirnice koje su manje otporne na vrućinu i sklonije da se pokvare, a to su namirnice životinjskog porekla, sve vrste mesa, jaja, mleko i mlečni proizvodi, nikako nemojte dugo zadržavati van frižidera. U frižideru, one će znatno duže zadržati i sačuvati svoju svežinu, i ta svežina će trajati upravo koliko vam je potrebno, sve dok ne bude vreme za termičku obradu namirnica, tj njihovu pripremu za jelo. Baš kada je u pitanju termička obrada pomenutih namirnica, vodite računa, da ove one uvek, tokom svake pripreme, kada traju letnje vrućine, budu dovoljno termički obrađene, bilo da su kuvane, pržene ili pečene. Termičkom obradom, ubija se veliki broj eventualno već nastalih i prisutnih štetnih bakterija na namirnicama.

Pored namirnica životinjskog porekla od dugotrajnog izlaganja visokim temperaturama, čuvajte i one namirnice u kojima može doći do vrenja, jer vrenje, može predstavljati jedan od brojnih uzroka trovanja hranom, a njemu su podložne određene vrste voća, kao što je grožđe i napici na bazi grožđa, kao što su vino i borovnica.

Kada je reč o voću i povrću, vodite računa, da ono uvek bude van domašaja insekata, posebno onih koji su potencijalni prenosioci zaraza, kao što su muve koje su tokom leta brojne i vodite računa da i voće i povrće pre konzumiranja obavezno bude pažljivo i temeljno oprano.

Voda, ne samo da će sa voća i povrća otkloniti spoljašnje nečistoće i izvore bakterija, već će u velikoj meri iz njega izvući i otkloniti i sadržaj pesticida koji su štetni po ljudsko zdravlje, a koji mogu biti prisutni unutar ovih namirnica. U cilju što efektnijeg uklanjanja pesticida iz voća i povrća, preporučuje se da ono prenoći u posudi sa vodom pre upotrebe. Period stajanja  voća i povrća u vodi može se skratiti dodavanjem jabukovog sirćeta ili obične kuhinjske soli, koji neutrališu i pesticide i druge štetne agense.

Bez obzira da li je reč o namirnicama životinjskog porekla ili o voću i povrću, odnosno namirnicama biljnog porekla, u oba slučaja, nastojte na tome da kupovinu obavljate na proverenim i prethodno potvrđenim mestima. Higijena objekta u kome kupujete namirnice, kao i način skladištenja i čuvanja namirnica u istim, do trenutka kupovine, u velikoj meri utiče na njihovu dalju ispravnost. Na mnogim namirnicama, a da to u trenutku kupovine čak i ne primetite, proces kvarenja može početi čak i pre nego što ih i uzmete sa rafa i donesete u svoj dom. Zato, kada kupujete, uverite se u svežinu namirnica ili proverite njihov rok trajanja ukoliko su namirnice u ambalaži. Ono što bi moglo ukazivati da namirnice nisu u ispravnom stanju u trenutku kupovine, mogla bi biti njihova promenjena boja, što je najčešće slučaj sa mesom i mesnim proizvodima, neprijatan miris, očigledan izostanak svežeg izgleda i slično

Nazad na: Osnove zdrave ishrane

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